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Is it an accommodation or a modification?

In General by Lee Ann Jung2 Comments

Adapted from Jung, L. A. (2017). In providing supports for students, language matters. Educational Leadership, 74(7). The adaptations that teachers make to the curriculum and assessments on a daily basis can be classified into two categories: accommodations and modifications. Rarely, though, are educators compelled to define which type of support was provided. Even on IEP forms there is often a global …

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A Model for Differentiated Assessment and Grading

In General by Lee Ann Jung0 Comments

Scholars in the field of measurement have developed sophisticated procedures for competency and standards-based grading with a variety of recommendations that converge into a theme: grades should be an accurate reflection of what students know and can do; these grades should indicate what students know and can do at the present time; students’ behavior should not be included as an …

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How can Goal Attainment Scaling help schools respond to Endrew v. Douglas County?

In General by Lee Ann Jung1 Comment

Districts and special education departments all over the country are talking about Endrew F. versus Douglas County School District, the US Supreme Court case, decided on March 22. Drew’s family withdrew him from public school and enrolled him in a private school for students with disabilities because they did not feel the school was using sufficient evidence-based practices to ensure …

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New Ideas for Engaging Homework

In General by Lee Ann Jung0 Comments

You may have thought this blog entry was going to be about how we shouldn’t grade homework completion. Well, that’s old news (we shouldn’t, by the way). Instead, in this entry, I want to consider how we can make homework more engaging, and with that, whether everyone should get the same homework. Each day teachers select homework assignments to further …

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Why IEP Goal Banks are a Bad Idea

In General by Lee Ann Jung0 Comments

If we know what makes a measurable goal and can define many examples, then why not have a bank of goals from which teams choose? After all, this would ensure that every IEP, for example, has measurable goals and meets the requirements of the law, right? Plucking a goal from a list would certainly be quicker than convening a team …

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Retention is not an intervention.

In General by Lee Ann Jung0 Comments

Repeat after me: Retention is not an intervention. Retention is not an intervention. Retention is NOT an intervention! Although this discussion could easily fit within the research-based intervention discussion, this is important enough to warrant its own entry. It is imperative that all school faculty and administrators understand that retention is not an intervention! If it did not work the …

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Inclusion is More than Location

In General by Lee Ann Jung0 Comments

Inclusion is often thought of as a location—we are implementing inclusion if students are spending all or almost all of their days in general education classrooms. This way of thinking may occur for two reasons. First, IDEA defines Least Restrictive Environment in terms of location, but the federal law does not define the term “inclusion.” Second, it is easy to …

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The REAL Impact Factor of Research

In General by Lee Ann Jung0 Comments

In academia, researchers are often measured by the impact factor they achieve. The impact factor is calculated, largely through a formula that determines how well read and cited your research is. Unfortunately, the articles and journals that count the most are never read by actual educators. Researchers write for one another and are rewarded for having other researchers read their work. …

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Using screencasts to improve my student feedback

In General by Lee Ann Jung0 Comments

We all know that feedback we give to our students should give them direction. A grade gives them an idea of their location toward a standard or expectation, and the feedback should give specific directions for how to improve their work. I provide professional learning services to large numbers of educators, and one of the tasks that takes a lot …